Days that Shook the World: Series 1

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History Documentary hosted by Stephen Beckett and Peter Guinness, published by BBC in 2003 - English narration

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Through dramatic reconstructions, eye-witness accounts and archive footage, each episode in the "Days That Shook the World" TV series pieces together the thrilling stories of the landmarks of our time; the moments in history - human tragedies, scientific breakthroughs and calamitous events that have profoundly affected the way the world thinks and acts. Days that Shook the World examines some of the most important days in history, creating a detailed and forensic analysis of 24 hours that changed the world. It covers some of the biggest themes in World history - from the history of flight, to the rise and fall of Communism. This fresh and unusual BBC production explores mankind's defining moments. A gripping anatomy of some of the most important days in history, hour by hour as they unfolded. Incisive, fascinating & dramatic, the complete series builds a compelling picture of the seismic moments in world history. From ancient Egypt to the Berlin Wall, these episodes look at events that had a lasting impact on human history, from technological breakthroughs to political tragedies. Finding new angles and putting events into historical context, the series spans centuries and continents with one common thread: On each of these days, the lives of millions were changed forever. Incredible breakthroughs, acts of shocking brutality, and stories of hope form the themes of these compelling programs. This collection presents the pilot episode and complete first season of the series, including the episodes "The Wright Brothers' First Flight and the Moon Landing," "The Assassination of Martin Luther King and the Release of Nelson Mandela," and "Hiroshima." All are examined through dramatic reconstruction, eye-witness accounts and archive footage, bringing them alive for young and old to relive or to discover for the first time. A Lion Television Production for BBC in Association with The History Channel

[edit] Wright Brothers First Flight and Apollo Moon Landing

The first powered flight, undertaken by the Wright Brothers' plane at Kitty Hawk in North Carolina, and the Apollo 11 moon landing formed two remarkable days in the history of aviation: 17 December 1903 and 20 July 1969. Archive footage, diaries and eyewitness accounts combine to tell the hour-by-hour tale of those two momentous occasions.
Reliving mankind's achievements in air and space, as, for the first time, a powered flying machine takes off from level ground and Neil Armstrong's 'one small step' takes him off the Lunar Module and onto the surface of the Moon.
The Apollo 11 space mission reached its climax on 20 July 1969 when Neil Armstrong stepped onto the surface of the moon. Archive footage and eyewitness accounts combine to tell the story of a remarkable day in the history of aviation.

[edit] The Coronation and the Death of Diana

Two reconstructions of significant events in the history of the British monarchy, based on eye-witness accounts. Through an ever blossoming media, the fate of two young royals is witnessed by millions, but while one is a day of celebration, the other is filled with grief and dismay.
How did the coronation of Elizabeth II and the death of Diana affect the course of history? Two events that changed the way we see the monarchy and media: the coronation of Elizabeth II and the death of Diana, Princess of Wales. This film brings the events together and explores each day through dramatic reconstruction and archive footage.
It's 2 June 1953, and the streets of London are lined with thousands of people all gathered to witness the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. Audiences everywhere viewed the royals as the crowning of Queen Elizabeth II was televised around the globe. As this restaging shows, it was also a turning point for reporting on the monarchy.
Forty-four years later, on 31 August 1997, the mood could hardly be more different as the death of Diana, Princess of Wales, sparks an unprecedented outpouring of grief around Britain and the world. This programme looks back to that fateful night in August 1997 when Diana and Dodi Fayed 's car crashed in a Paris underpass.

[edit] The Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and the Death of Hitler

Two pistol shots that shaped modern history: the single bullet, fired by a young Serb nationalist that triggered World War I and the self-administered shot that brought about the end of Adolf Hitler and World War II.
How did the killing of Archduke Ferdinand and suicide of Adolf Hitler affect the course of history? This episode of the series explores the complex events that led to these historic days.
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. On 28 June 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife toured Sarajevo in an open-topped car. Unbeknown to them seven young assassins were lying in wait, armed with bombs, pistols and cyanide. Dramatisations based on witness testimony trace a minute-by-minute account of the event that plunged Europe into war.
The Death of Hitler. A vivid picture of the Nazi regime's final days. On 30 April 1945, the Red Army closed in on the centre of Berlin. In a secret bunker, Hitler's inner circle was disintegrating in despair and betrayal. Accounts from witnesses shape a dramatisation of the Fuhrer's final hours.

[edit] The Assassination of Rev. Martin Luther King and the Release of Nelson Mandela

How two men--both intellectuals and determined opposers of racial oppression--came to symbolise the fight for equality as they risked their lives for their cause. This episode of the series investigates.
Martin Luther King lost his life to a gunman for his outspoken views on equal rights in America. Nelson Mandela lost much of his life - spending 27 years in prison - after his armed resistance to apartheid in South Africa. This film brings King's assassination and Mandela's release together, exploring each day through reconstruction and archive footage.
Martin Luther King : Death of a Dream. On 4 April 1968 civil rights leader Martin Luther King visited Memphis intending to head up a protest march. But as he stood on his hotel balcony he was felled by an assassin's bullet. Dramatic reconstructions bring to life the day on which a celebrated advocate of non-violent protest met his brutal end.
The release of the former ANC leader on 11 February 1990 after 28 years in jail. In the end of apartheid, eyewitness accounts provide source material for a dramatisation of the events of 11 February 1990. That was the momentous day when the South African government answered campaigners' prayers by finally releasing anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela , who would later become the country's president.

[edit] Hiroshima

Dramatic reconstructions and eyewitness testimony tell the story of the dropping of the first nuclear bomb on 6 August 1945. The atomic bomb dropped onto the city of Hiroshima was the first ever to be used in a conflict situation. This programme tells the story of the day of the bombing, from the point of view of the pilot and crew of the Enola Gay, those who made the decisions, and the inhabitants of Hiroshima.
An estimated 100,000 people were killed and 47,000 buildings flattened when an American B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945. Extracts from President Truman's diaries, citizens' eyewitness accounts, and the testimony of Paul Tibbets - the pilot who lead the top-secret operation - combine to tell the story of that fateful day.

[edit] The Romanovs and the Berlin Wall

The rise of Communism and the fall of the Berlin Wall are recounted in this episode of the series. How did these events bookend the political ideology that arguably played a major role in defining world events in the 20th century? The murder of Russia's royal family marked Russia's irrevocable move from a monarchy to Communist state. Seventy years later, the fall of the Berlin Wall indicated the collapse of the ideology. This film brings the two events together and explores each day through dramatic reconstruction and archive footage.
Communism was arguably born on the night of July 16th 1918 in Russia, when Tsar Nicholas II and the Romanov family faced their last stand as they were placed under house arrest while civil war raged outside. That day saw the final moments of Tsar Nicholas II, his family and servants, and the beginning of one of the most bloody periods of Russia's history.
The Fall of the Berlin Wall. For decades it was a symbol of the partition of the Communist East and capitalist West. This episode tells accounts from 8 November 1989 - when the death knell sounded for communism.

[edit] Kristallnacht and the Birth of Israel

A look at two days that defined the fortunes of Jews in the 20th century. Recalling the terrible events of November 9 1938 - "the night of broken glass" - that marked the beginning of Germany's slide into the abyss of the Holocaust. Over the next seven years, another six million people were to be affected, but when redemption came, it was not at all peaceful. A decade later came the creation of the state of Israel.
Just ten years after the Nazis openly attacked Jews and their property--a huge step on the nightmare spiral to the Holocaust, the 2000-year-old-dream of a Jewish homeland becomes a reality and the state of Israel is born.
Birth of Israel. 14 May 1948: as Arab tanks mass on Palestine's borders, Jewish leaders declare independence. With ramifications still felt today, that date was a day of extraordinary political brinkmanship and tension, as Jewish leaders declared independence.

[edit] Tutankhamun's Tomb and Deciphering the Rosetta Stone

Opening Tutankhamun's tomb and discovering the Rosetta Stone. Two days brought ancient Egypt to life: in 1822. Jean Francois Champollion cracked a baffling code - Egyptian hieroglyphs. A century later, Howard Carter found the name "Tutankhamen" in a lost tomb.
Deciphering the Rosetta Stone. How, on 14 September 1822, French academic Jean Francois Champollion translated the Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs and realised the goal he had spent a lifetime pursuing.
Tutankhamun's Tomb. A chronicle of 26 November 1922, when Howard Carter found the boy king's resting place. An account of the greatest archaeological find in history - Tutankhamun's tomb. For seven years British archaeologist Howard Carter excavated in the Valley of Kings, convinced it held secrets to yield. On 26 November 1922, it did: the treasures of Tutankhamun's tomb.

[edit] First Nuclear Reaction and Chernobyl

Two days reflected the terrifying power of the atom - the first controlled nuclear chain reaction heralded the atomic age, but Chernobyl's runaway chain reaction was the final warning. This episode explores the launch of the atomic age and how it was originally foreseen as clean, cheap and efficient power in the 1940s and 50s. No one had even considered the possibility of an accidental nuclear disaster. How did one of the most exciting scientific breakthroughs ever lead to the disaster that the world had dreaded?
Chain Reaction. On 2 December 1942 a squash court at the University of Chicago is the unlikely venue for the triggering of the first nuclear chain reaction.
Chernobyl. In the Ukrainian town of Prypiat, 25 April 1986 seems just an ordinary day-- until the world's worst nuclear accident occurs at nearby Chernobyl. A dramatic reconstruction of the events when the Chernobyl nuclear power station became the site of the world's worst ever nuclear accident.

[edit] Black September Hijackings and Lockerbie

People carriers or flying bombs? Our aeroplanes have become entwined with terrorism. The evolution of the commercial aeroplane from people carrier to deadly weapon is illustrated by the tales of "Black September" in 1972 and the Lockerbie bombing of 1988.
Years before the attack on the World Trade Center, world-shaking incidents had demonstrated commercial airplanes uneasy relationship with terrorism. Incredible personal memories illuminate the stories of the world's biggest hijacking and Britain's worst air disaster.
Exactly 31 years before 9/11, an audacious series of skyjackings, involving five planes and over passengers, shocked the world. And in December 1988, Pan Am flight exploded above Lockerbie, killing all 259 on board.
Black September. On 6 September 1970 Palestinian terrorists successfully hijacked three passenger planes and threatened to blow them up unless their demands were met. Eyewitness accounts are used to reconstruct the final 24 hours of this dramatic hostage crisis.
Lockerbie. Bound for New York on 21 December 1988, Pan-Am flight 103 never reached its destination. Instead all 259 people on board and 11 residents of a Scottish town met their end in what remains Britain's worst air disaster.

[edit] The Assassination of JFK and the Resignation of Nixon

No one could have dreamed or anticipated the seismic shocks America suffered in the 20th century with the assassination of its youngest ever leader and the disgrace and expulsion of its most successful election winner.
The dramatic story of two days that rocked the American presidency: the assassination of its youngest leader, Democract John F Kennedy , in Dallas on 22 November 1963 and the disgrace and expulsion of its most successful election winner, Richard Milhous Nixon in August 1974.
Few moments in history have stunned the world more than John F Kennedy 's assassination in Dallas 40 years ago. This episode in the series recalling earth-shattering historical events is a minute-by-minute reconstruction of the shooting and its immediate aftermath. Contributors include the family standing closest to JFK when the bullet struck, the surgeon who tried saving his life and his assistant press secretary -the man who had to tell America that its young president, arguably the most popular ever, had been killed.
Nixon 's Last Day. The story of 8 August, 1974, disgraced President Nixon's last day in the White House. Two men close to the president bear witness to the moments around Nixon's resignation.

[edit] Marconi's First Transatlantic Radio Transmission and Concorde's First Transatlantic Flight

Recalling the determination, faith and tension of two scientific developments that made the world a smaller place--overnight, as three simple dots and a supersonic plane make their way across the Atlantic Ocean.
Two days that bridged the Atlantic: Marconi's first radio message and Concorde's first flight. In 1901, the first transatlantic radio message is received by inventor Guglielmo Marconi , while, in 1977, Concorde makes its first supersonic journey into New York.
Marconi's Miracle. The day that three sharp electrical clicks sent out across the Atlantic proved that wireless waves were able to bend around the world's surface, travelling from Cornwall to Newfoundland, Canada. This is the story of his remarkable discovery. He lived in a world before powered flight, but by 1977 Concorde was making its first supersonic journey into New York.
19 October 1977: Concorde makes the first supersonic test flight across the Atlantic, from Toulouse to a hostile reception at New York's JFK airport. Concorde's first transatlantic flight in was a cause for celebration for the French and British governments, marking the end of a struggle to achieve supersonic flight. However, some New York residents were not so pleased.

[edit] Faster than Sound: Chuck Yeager and Donald Campbell

Compelled by a sense of patriotic duty and driven by incredible bravery, 20 years separate the determined efforts of two mens aim to become the fastest men on the planet...
The jet age saw speeds once only dreamed of. These are the stories of how Chuck Yeager tried to break the sound barrier in 1947 and - 20 years later - Donald Campbell broke the water-speed record.
Faster than Sound. On 14 October 1947 Chuck Yeager , one of the finest pilots in the US air force, attempted to break the sound barrier. Strapped into an experimental craft powered by a rocket, Yeager risked his life in a bid to become the fastest man alive. This dramatic reconstruction of events uses eyewitness accounts and original footage to tell his incredible story.
The Fastest Man on Water. Donald Campbell 's tragic attempt to break the water speed record on Lake Coniston in his jet-powered craft Bluebird. On 4 January 1967, after 64 days of foul weather and mechanical failure, conditions were right for Donald Campbell to make his water-speed record attempt. But the day was to end in tragedy. Witnesses and never before seen footage tell the story of how, seconds before achieving his goal, Campbell's luck ran out.

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[edit] Technical Specs

Video Codec: x264 CABAC High@L3.1
Video Bitrate: 1 691 Kbps
Video Resolution: 716x400
Display Aspect Ratio: 16:9
Frames Per Second: 25.000 fps
Audio Codec: AC3
Audio Bitrate: 192 kb/s CBR 48000 Hz
Audio Streams: 2
Audio Languages: english
RunTime Per Part: 59 min
Number Of Parts: 13
Part Size: 797 MB
Source: DVD
Encoded by: DocFreak08

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