Einsatzgruppen: The Nazi Death Squads (HD)

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War Documentary hosted by Paul Bandey, published by France Televisions in 2009 - English narration

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Image: Einsatzgruppen-The-Nazi-Death-Squads-HD-Cover.jpg

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-- French title "Les Commandos de la mort" -- In June 1941, Adolf Hitler launched Operation Barbarossa, throwing 4 million troops, supported by tanks, artillery and aircraft into the Soviet Union. Operational groups of the German Security Service, SD, followed into the Baltic and the Black Sea areas. Their orders: neutralize elements hostile to Nazi domination. Combined SS and SD headquarters were set up in Riga (northern), Mogilev (middle) and Kiev (southern), each with subordinate units of the SD, the Einsatzgruppen, and lower echelons of Einsatzkommandos. Communist and Soviet NKVD agents were targeted, and from August 1941 to March 1943, 4,000 Soviet and communist agents were arrested and executed. In addition, far greater numbers of partisans and communists were shot to ensure political and ethnic purity in the occupied territories. Einsatzgruppe A, under Adolf Eichmann, executed 29,000 people in Latvia and Lithuania in the early stages of the operation. In five months in 1941, Einsatzkommando III commander, Karl Jaeger, reported killing 138,272 (48,252 men, 55,556 women and 34,464 children). The Einsatzgruppen were death squads – their tools the rifle, the pistol and the machine gun. It is estimated that the Einsatzgruppen executed more than 2 million people between 1941 and 1945, including 1.3 million Jews. Who were the men who organized and practiced the mass murder of Jews, Gypsies and Soviet prisoners? Where did they come from? What were their motives? What was their fate after the destruction of the Jews of Europe and the German debacle? "Einsatzgruppen: The Nazi Death Squads" relies on archival footage filmed by the Nazi propaganda machine in the Baltic countries and in Belarus, Ukraine and Romania, on the memories of witnesses of these public executions, on the words of survivors and also, for the first time, on the confessions of the executioners that were found in Germany. Written and directed by Michael Prazan ; KUIV Productions with the participation of France Televisions, Planete, RTBF, SRC Radio Canada, TSR and TV5 Monde

[edit] Mass Graves (June-August 1941)

This first episode provides context for when, how and why the mobile death squads, or EZG, were established.
June 1941. Nazi Germany invades the USSR. In the wake of the German armies which progressed without incident to the gates of Russia, the mobile killing commandos, the Einsatzgruppen, shared the territory to liquidate Jews and political opponents. In July, after the pogroms initiated by local nationalists causing several thousand victims, the decision for genocide was taken by Hitler. The EZG organized the mass murder of Jewish populations in the conquered territories, now targeting women and children. The massacres follow one another at a frantic pace.

[edit] Judenfrei (September-December 1941)

In December 1941, after the EZG's intervention, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary and the Baltic states are declared "Judenfrei": free of Jews.
In their task, the EZG are assisted by Baltic, Ukrainian, Belarusian auxiliaries, or Soviet prisoners who, to escape death, join the killing units. After the "cleansing" of Belarus, southern Ukraine, and the terrible massacre in Kiev, where 33,771 Jews were murdered in 2 days in the "Grandmother's Ravine," the Babi Yar, Karl Jager, an officer Nazi of the EZG A, informed Berlin, in December 1941, that the Baltic countries were henceforth "Judenfreï"; free of Jews.

[edit] Funeral Pyres (1942-1943)

Faced with the advancing Soviet troops, Nazi Germany decides to have the bodies of death camp victims dug up and burned in graves.
The year 1942 will be the deadliest for Jews in the east. Methodically, Jewish communities disappeared one after the other in the conquered territories. While the destruction by gas of Western European Jews in death camps was ratified at Wansee on July 20, 42, the Soviet counterattack gained ground after the Battle of Stalingrad. Nazi Germany, which understands that it could lose the war, tasks the Einsatzgruppen with supervising the erasure of traces of the genocide in the east. This is the beginning of "Operation 1005." At the sites of the mass executions, Jewish slaves dig up and burn the bodies of the victims before being liquidated themselves. Their revolt took place everywhere until the Battle of Berlin, which sounded the death knell for Nazism.

[edit] Time of Reckoning (1943-1947)

After being judged at the Nuremberg trials, the majority of those responsible for the murder of nearly 1.5 million Jews would walk free in the 1950s.
The time of reckoning comes. Soviet trials continued in the east, while in Nuremberg, in 1947, some leaders of the Nazi death commandos were tried. In the new context of the Cold War, to spare German public opinion from feeling unfair, death sentences were commuted to lighter sentences. Of the 24 EZG leaders tried at Nuremberg, only 4 were executed. Most of those responsible for the murder of nearly a million and a half Jews were released in the 1950s.

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[edit] Technical Specs

Video Codec: x264 CABAC High@L4
Video Bitrate: 3 484 Kbps
Video Resolution: 1920x1080
Display Aspect Ratio: 16:9
Frames Per Second: 25.000 fps
Audio Codec: AAC (LC)
Audio Bitrate: 112 kb/s VBR 44.1 kHz
Audio Streams: 2
Audio Languages: english
RunTime Per Part: 42 min 19 s - 48 min 48 s
Number Of Parts: 4
Part Size: 1.06 GB - 1.30 GB
Source: WEB DL
Capper: DocFreak08

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